20.08.2016 - Die Synagoge in der Oranienburger Straße, Grafik, Rohbock, Ludwig, 1870 Die Neue Synagoge an der Oranienburger Straße in der Spandauer Vorstadt im Ortsteil Mitte (Bezirk Mitte) von Berlin ist ein Gebäude von herausragender Bedeutung für die Geschichte der jüdischen Bevölkerung der Stadt und ein wichtiges Baudenkmal. This allowed the fire brigade access to extinguish the fire before it could spread to the actual building, and the synagogue was saved from destruction. Berlin   State of Germany   Left to right: Berliner …   Wikipedia, Synagogue (Kaliningrad) — Infobox religious building building name=Synagogue in Kaliningrad caption= location=flagicon|RussiaKaliningrad, Russia geo= religious affiliation=Orthodox Judaism district= functional status=destroyed leadership= website= architecture… …   Wikipedia, Synagogue de Doura-Europos — 34° 44′ 51″ N 40° 43′ 38″ E / 34.7474, 40.7272 …   Wikipédia en Français, Synagogue de Dura-Europos — Synagogue de Doura Europos 34° 44′ 51″ N 40° 43′ 38″ E / 34.7474, 40.7272 …   Wikipédia en Français, Synagogue de doura europos — 34° 44′ 51″ N 40° 43′ 38″ E / 34.7474, 40.7272 …   Wikipédia en Français, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Due to the unfavourable alignment of the property, the building's design required adjustment along a slightly turned axis. März bis 15. One of the few synagogues to survive Kristallnacht, it was badly damaged prior to and during World War II and subsequently much was demolished; the present building on the site is a reconstruction of the ruined street frontage with its entrance, dome and towers, and only a few rooms behind. Together with the New Synagogue, the whole Spandauer Vorstadt neighbourhood (lit. It was not until the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989 that reconstruction of the front section began. Because of its eastern Moorish style and resemblance to the Alhambra, the New Synagogue is an important architectural monument in Germany. Our services are mostly held in Hebrew. Geschichte der Synagogenarchitektur in Deutschland. The synagogue's main domewith its gilded ribs is an eye-catching sight. Quote from 'Jüdisches Nachrichtenblatt' after Cf. Vor 150 Jahren wurde die Neue Synagoge in der Oranienburger Straße von Berlin eingeweiht. This allowed the fire brigade to enter and extinguish the fire before it could spread to the fabric of the building, and the synagogue was saved from destruction. East Berlin's Jewish Community, impoverished and small after the Shoah and the flight of many surviving members from Communist anti-Semitism, saw no chance to restore it.[10]. Er wird seitlich von zwei kleineren Türmen mit K… Quote after Olaf Matthes, "Hallelujah! Sie wurde 1866 eingeweiht. Die Neue Synagoge an der Oranienburger Straße in der Spandauer Vorstadt im Ortsteil Mitte von Berlin ist ein Gebäude von herausragender Bedeutung für die Geschichte der jüdischen Bevölkerung der Stadt und ein wichtiges Baudenkmal. "suburb towards Spandau", often confused with the Scheunenviertel) experienced a revival, with chic restaurants and boutiques opening up in the area, catering to an increasingly bourgeois clientele. ), The New Synagogue was built to serve the growing Jewish population in Berlin, in particular, immigrants from the East. Neue Synagoge, Berlin Mitte Die Neue Synagoge an der Oranienburger Straße in der Spandauer Vorstadt im Ortsteil Mitte (Bezirk Mitte) von Berlin ist ein Gebäude von herausragender Bedeutung für die Geschichte der jüdischen Bevölkerung der Stadt und ein wichtiges Baudenkmal. Mai 1995 wurde die rekonstruierte Neue Synagoge – Centrum Judaicum in der Oranienburger Straße 28-30 und die ständige Ausstellung „Tuet auf die Pforten“ eröffnet. The dome may also be visited. Es finden sich orientalische Formen und Elemente die an die spanische Alhambra im maurischen Stil erinnern. In 2007 Gesa Ederberg became the first female pulpit rabbi in Berlin when she became the rabbi of the New Synagogue. Museum, Archiv, Kulturzentrum jüdischen Lebens, Veranstaltungsort, Erinnerungsstätte Mit ihrer ständigen Ausstellung „Tuet auf die Pforten“ zeichnet die Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin – Centrum Judaicum die Geschichte des Hauses und das mit ihm verbundene Leben nach. We are affiliated with the Conservative | Masorti movement. The New Synagogue, like the synagogue in Rykestrasse, remained intact and was subsequently repaired by the congregation, who continued to use it as synagogue until 1940. Die Neue Synagoge ist nicht einem einzelnen Baustil zuzuordnen. The Neue Synagoge ('New Synagogue') was built 1859–1866 as the main synagogue of the BerlinJewish community, on Oranienburger Straße. Informationen zur Entstehung und Entwicklung. The building housed public concerts, including a violin concert with Albert Einstein in 1930. Entsprechend viele jüdische Erinnerungsorte sind im Stadtbild Berlins zu finden. Weitere Ideen zu Neue synagoge, Berlin, Neue wege. The Jewish Community of Berlin continued to use the office rooms in the front section of New Synagogue, including the Repräsentantensaal (hall of the assembly of elected community representatives) below the golden dome. Beyond the façade was the front hall and the main hall with 3,000 seats. English: The Neue Synagoge (English "New Synagogue") was built 1859-1866 in Oranienburger Strasse as the main synagogue of the Berlin Jewish community. (Iron was also a core component for the now-lost floor structure of the main hall. [9], The building to the left from the New Synagogue, and the second one to the right at Oranienburger Straße 28,[a] also belonged to Berlin's Jewish Community. Berlin's police commissioner Graf Helldorf only verbally reprimanded Krützfeld for shielding his subordinate and, partly in consequence, Krützfeld has often mistakenly been identified[4] as the rescuer of the New Synagogue.[5]. In May 1995, a small synagogue congregation was reestablished using the former women's wardrobe room. Chic restaurants and boutiques opened up in the area, catering to an increasingly bourgeois clientele. to demolish the ruined rear sections of their building, including the soot-blackened ruin of the main prayer hall, leaving only the less-destroyed front section. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. The Neue Synagoge is also a monument of early iron construction. Most of the building, however, houses offices and a museum. From 1988 to 1993, the structurally intact parts of the building close to the street, including the façade, the dome, and some rooms behind were restored as the "Centrum Judaicum" ("Jewish Center"); the main sanctuary was not restored. The strike on the New Synagogue was recorded in the Berlin police commissioner's bomb damage reports, regularly issued after attacks, for the raid on the night of 22–23 November 1943. [citation needed] The area behind the restored frontage, formerly the main prayer hall, remains an empty space, and is open to visitors.[12]. Jewish pop. [5] On 5 April 1940 the Jüdisches Nachrichtenblatt had to announce that services in the New Synagogue were not to be held any more until further notice. Die Kuppel machte die Vorhalle von der Straße aus gut sichtbar und kennzeichnete sie als Wochentagssynagoge. The central dome is flanked by two smaller pavilion-like domes on the two side-wings. [10] The damaged but mostly preserved central dome on top of the front section was also torn down in the 1950s. [13][14][15][16] Her installation was opposed by Berlin's senior Orthodox rabbi, Yitzchak Ehrenberg.[13]. The Neue Synagoge ("New Synagogue") was built 1859–1866 as the main synagogue of the Berlin Jewish community, on Oranienburger Straße. A few months ago, they finished building a new wing and decided to offer it as a refugee shelter. 16)". The Jewish Community of Berlin continued to use the office rooms in the front section of New Synagogue, including the Repräsentantensaal (hall of the assembly of elected community representatives) below the golden dome. [9], In 1958 the Jewish Community of East Berlin, then proprietor of the site, was prompted to demolish the ruined rear sections of the building, including the soot-blackened ruin of the main prayer hall, leaving only the less destroyed front section. 30 Totalschaden." Sie wurde 1866 eingeweiht. The central dome is flanked by two smaller pavilion-like domes on the two side-wings. NewsKalenderTeMporäre AusstellungenDaUerausstellungHistorischeS Archiv & BildarchivPublikationEn & ForschungVeranstaltUngenBildung & VerMittlung United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (ed. It was the second synagogue of the congregation besides the older one from then on called Alte Synagoge ("Old Synagogue") in Heidereutergasse. [5] This was the usual way Nazi prohibitions were publicised. Dieser Pinnwand folgen 102 Nutzer auf Pinterest. Einer dieser Erinnerungsorte ist die Liberale Neue Synagoge in der Oranienburger Straße. For other uses, see Berlin (disambiguation). In May 1995, a small synagogue congregation was reestablished using the former women's wardrobe room. The New Synagogue (Neue Synagoge), along with the Jewish Museum and the Holocaust memorial is one of Berlin's most significant Jewish landmarks. [8] During World War II the New Synagogue was heavily damaged; it was completely burned after Allied bombing during the Battle of Berlin, a series of British air raids lasting from 18 November 1943 until 25 March 1944. Die Synagoge hatte eine quadratische Vorhalle mit einer Kuppel und einem Säulenvorbau. [8], The left building and the second right building of the New Synagogue, also property of Berlin's Jewish Community, survived the war intact and it was in one of them, in Oranienburger Straße 28, that surviving Jews formally reconstituted Jüdische Gemeinde zu Berlin, Berlin's mainstream Jewish congregation in 1946. It was the largest synagogue in Germany at the time, seating 3,000 people. The building housed public concerts, including a violin concert with Albert Einstein in 1930. Olaf Matthes. It was badly damaged prior to and during World War II and subsequently much was demolished; the present building on the site is a reconstruction of the ruined street frontage with its entrance, dome and towers, and only a few rooms behind. [11] The damaged, but mostly preserved, central dome on top of the front section was also torn down in the 1950s. Beyond the façade was the front hall and the main hall with 3,000 seats. It was the largest synagogue in Germany at the time, seating 3,000 people. Neue Synagoge Berlin – Centrum Judaicum Oranienburger Straße 28-30 10117 Berlin Telefon +49 (30) 880 28-300 Führungsbuchungen +49 (30) 880 28-316 Fax +49 (30) 880 28-320 Website www.centrumjudaicum.de E-Mail Beyond the façade was the front hall and the main hall with 3,000 seats. He said the building was a protected historical landmark and drew his pistol, declaring that he would uphold the law requiring its protection. $ Because of its splendid eastern Moorish style and resemblance to the Alhambra, it is an important architectural monument of the second half of the 19th century in Berlin. The congregation occasionally held prayers in this hall until September 1942, when it had to evacuate the front section as well. Am 7. oranienburger strasse 29 1866 wurde die Neue Synagoge mit ihren ber 3000 Pl tzen eingeweiht (Architekten Eduard Knoblauch und August Stuehler). The synagogue's main dome with its gilded ribs is an eye-catching sight. Sehenswürdigkeiten in der Nähe von Oranienburger Straße: (0.03 km) Bon Bon Marcherai (0.03 km) Heckmann-Höfe (0.03 km) Caro Berliner Art (0.04 km) Escape Game Berlin (0.06 km) Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin - Centrum Judaicum; Sehen Sie sich alle Sehenswürdigkeiten in der Nähe von Oranienburger Straße auf Tripadvisor an. ), http://www.ushmm.org/remembrance/dor/years/detail.php?content=2008, Prussian National Monument for the Liberation Wars, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Synagogue_(Berlin)&oldid=994059704, Buildings and structures in Berlin destroyed during World War II, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 22:28. Lieutenant Otto Bellgardt, the police officer of the local police precinct on duty that night, arrived on the scene in the early morning of 10 November and ordered the arsonists to disperse. On Sunday, March 31, 1940 the main prayer hall was last used by the congregation, this time for the last concert of a series of benefit concerts in favour of the Jüdisches Winterhilfswerk (Jewish winter aid endowment) in favour of poor Jews, who had been excluded from government benefits. ), http://www.ushmm.org/remembrance/dor/years/detail.php?content=2008. In this hall the congregation occasionally held prayers until September 1942, when it had to evacuate the front section as well. Vorbild war die Berliner Synagoge in der Oranienburger Straße. Immediately, they sent out letters to all the other religious communities and other social institutions in the neighborhood, asking for cooperation. Straße Oranienburger Straße 28-30 PLZ/Ort 10117 Berlin Land Deutschland Telefon 030/88028-316 Fax ... wurde die Neue Synagoge im Zweiten Weltkrieg durch Bomben schwer beschädigt. "suburb towards Spandau", often confused with the Scheunenviertel) experienced a revival. 1,836,000 (1968); metropolitan area 11,448,480 (1970), metropolitan area Jewish (1968), 2,381,000… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism, SYNAGOGUE — This article is arranged according to the following outline. Die Neue Synagoge an der Oranienburger Straße in der Spandauer Vorstadt im Ortsteil Mitte (Bezirk Mitte) von Berlin ist ein Gebäude von herausragender Bedeutung für die Geschichte der Juden in Berlin und ein wichtiges Baudenkmal. The dome may also be visited. The New Synagogue (German: Neue Synagoge) on Oranienburger Straße in Berlin is a mid-19th century synagogue built as the main place of worship for Berlin's Jewish community, succeeding the Old Synagogue which the community outgrew. Beyond the entrance, the building's alignment changes to mesh with pre-existing structures. Jewish services are now held again in the New Synagogue;[17] the congregation is the Berlin community's sole Masorti synagogue. [2] Senior Lieutenant Wilhelm Krützfeld, head of the local police precinct, Bellgardt's superior, later covered up for him. Der noch vorhandene Teil des Bauwerks steht unter Denkmalschutz. Oranienburger Strasse Synagogue is one of eight synagogues of Jüdische Gemeinde zu Berlin K.d.ö.R., and one of its two egalitarian synagogues. III) of the Heer (German Army), who used it to store uniforms. [11], It was not until the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989 that reconstruction of the front section began. The Oranienburger Strasse Synagogue in Berlin is cooperating with a refugee shelter housed in the Catholic Hospital just behind our synagogue. It is located in the borough of Mitte, north of the River Spree, and runs south-east from Friedrichstraße to Hackescher Markt. [3] Senior Lieutenant Wilhelm Krützfeld, head of the local police precinct, and Bellgardt's superior, later covered up[clarification needed] for him. The liturgy is contemporary. Beyond the entrance, the building's alignment changes to mesh with pre-existing structures. Sie wurde 1866 eingeweiht und von Eduard Knoblauch sowie Friedrich August … Lieutenant Otto Bellgardt, the police officer of the local police precinct on duty that night, arrived on the scene in the early morning of 10 November and ordered the Nazi mob to disperse. 01.11.2020 - Entdecke die Pinnwand „Neue Synagoge Berlin“ von Eiserner Engel. Darüber steht der hebräische Satz in goldenen Buchstaben: â€žPitchu schearim wejawo goi zadik schomer emunim“ (Tuet auf die Pforten, dass einziehe ein gerechtes Volk, das bewahret die Treue). [7] During World War II the New Synagogue was heavily damaged; it was completely burned after Allied bombing during the Battle of Berlin, a series of British air raids lasting from November 18, 1943 until March 25, 1944. Following Knoblauch's death in 1865, Friedrich August Stüler took responsibility for the majority of its construction as well as for its interior arrangement and design. Together with the New Synagogue, the whole Spandauer Vorstadt neighbourhood (lit. Congregants were requested to evacuate their belongings from their shelves in the prayer hall by Monday April 8. Vorbild für die Vorhalle war das Pantheon in Rom. East Berlin's Jewish Community, impoverished and small after the Shoah (Holocaust) and the flight of many surviving members from anti-Semitism, saw no chance to restore it. Juli 2012: Die Synagoge in der Oranienburger Straße middle ages modern period …   Encyclopedia of Judaism, Berlin — This article is about the capital of Germany. The concert was the last of a series of benefit concerts in aid of the Jüdisches Winterhilfswerk (Jewish Winter Aid Endowment), a charity helping poor Jews, who had been excluded from government benefits. The Neue Synagoge is also a monument of early iron construction. C2, Oranienburger Str. In the immediate post-war years, there were the anti-Semitic manifestations in Czechoslovakia (Slánský trial, November 1952), arrests and interrogations of Jews in East Berlin and East Germany (January 1953), and the Soviet Doctors' plot (started on 13 January 1953). Ihre Geschichte ist eng mit der Geschichte Berlins verknüpft. Die meisten Gegenstände, die etwas über das Haus erzählen könnten, wurden zerstört. With an organ and a choir, the religious services reflected the liberal developments in the Jewish community of the time. Assemble, Pray, Study – Synagogues Past and Present", "Centrum Judaicum - Jewish Community of Berlin", "A lone groan for female rabbi in Berlin | Jewish Telegraphic Agency", "After Long Path Female Rabbi Installed in German Community - InterfaithFamily", "Oranienburger Strasse Synagogue | The team of the Oranienburger Strasse Synagogue", United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (ed. The synagogue's main dome, with its gilded ribs, is an eye-catching landmark. Die Geschichte der Juden, die in Berlin lebten, ist in etwa genauso gleich alt wie die Geschichte Berlins. The main prayer hall was last used by the congregation for a concert on Sunday, 31 March 1940. [clarification needed]. It was inaugurated in the presence of Count Otto von Bismarck, then Minister President of Prussia, in 1866. Following the anti-Semitic atrocities in Czechoslovakia (Slánský trial, November 1952), arrests and interrogations of Jews in East Berlin and East Germany in January 1953 and the Soviet Doctors' plot (started on 13 January 1953), members of Jüdische Gemeinde in East Berlin formed a new provisional executive board competent only for the eastern sector on 21 January, hoping to spare themselves from further persecution, and thus dividing the Jewish community into an eastern and a western one. The Rykestraße Synagogue was closed and seized by the Heer a week later. The New Synagogue, like the synagogue in Rykestr., remained intact and was subsequently repaired by the congregation who continued to use it as synagogue until 1940. * New Synagogue in Dresden, a replacement for the destroyed synagogue in Dresden. Members of the Jüdische Gemeinde in East Berlin, hoping to spare themselves from further persecution, formed a new provisional executive board competent only for the eastern sector, and thus divided the Jewish community into an eastern and a western one (21 January 1953). It is truncated before the point where the main hall of the synagogue began. 7,771,730 (1970), est. origins and history until the first century first century c.e. OK. Scheer, Regina (1993). Der Haupteingang mit drei Arkaden-Bögen, befindet sich an der Oranienburger Straße. Sie war einst die größte und bedeutendste Synagoge Deutschlands Die Neue Synagoge an der Oranienburger Straße in der Spandauer Vorstadt im Ortsteil Mitte (Bezirk Mitte) von Berlin ist ein Gebäude von herausragender Bedeutung für die Geschichte der Juden in Berlin und ein wichtiges Baudenkmal. Suzerainty over the Jews… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism, NEW YORK CITY — NEW YORK CITY, foremost city of the Western Hemisphere and largest urban Jewish community in history; pop. Besides being used for prayers the main hall was also used for concerts and lectures since other venues were blocked for Jews. Beyond the entrance, the building's alignment changes to mesh with pre-existing structures. He said the building was a protected historical landmark and drew his pistol, declaring that he would uphold the law requiring its protection. Due to the unfavourable alignment of the property, the building's design required adjustment along a slightly turned axis. The front of the building, facing Oranienburger Straße, is richly ornamented with shaped bricks and terracotta, accented by coloured glazed bricks. Because of its eastern Moorish style and resemblance to the Alhambra, it is an important architectural monument of the second half of the 19th century in Berlin. Synagoge Oranienburger Straße in der Kategorie Berlin. [1] The central dome is flanked by two smaller pavilion-like domes on the two side-wings. Oranienburger Strasse Synagogue is one of nine synagogues of Jüdische Gemeinde zu Berlin K.d.ö.R., the official Jewish umbrella organization in Berlin.We are affiliated with the Conservative | Masorti movement, and our services are mostly held in Hebrew. Iron was also a core component for the now-lost floor structure of the main hall. The building was designed by Eduard Knoblauch. Die Zahl der liberalen Juden stieg, so dass eine eigene Synagoge n tig war. [18] Most of the building, however, houses offices and a museum. Sonderausstellung »Berlin Transit. Jüdische Migranten aus Osteuropa in den 1920er Jahren« des Jüdischen Museums Berlin vom 23. The building was designed by Eduard Knoblauch. Der noch vorhandene Teil des Bauwerks steht unter Denkmalschutz. Built in 1866, to seat 3200 people as the largest Jewish place of worship in Germany, the Neue Synagogue was literally a symbol of the thriving Jewish community. April, mittags 12 Uhr, aus den Pulten herauszunehmen." [6] Thereafter the Heeresbekleidungsamt III (uniform department No. The Oranienburger Strasse Synagogue, re-established in 1998, consists of a small sanctuary on the third floor of the original building’s former front hall. It says: "Heeresbekleidungsamt III Bln. in… …   Wikipedia, BERLIN — BERLIN, largest city and capital of Germany. Coordinates: 52°31′29″N 13°23′40″E / 52.52472°N 13.39444°E / 52.52472; 13.39444, New Synagogue — may refer to the following: Contents 1 Czech Republic 2 Germany 3 Hungary 4 Malta 5 Poland …   Wikipedia, New Synagogue (disambiguation) — New Synagogue may mean the following buildings: in Germany * New Synagogue in Berlin * New Synagogue in Düsseldorf, built in 1958 in the Derendorf district. The strike on the New Synagogue was recorded in the Berlin police commissioner's bomb damage reports, regularly issued after attacks, for the raid the night of November 22 and 23, 1943. From 1988 to 1993, the structurally intact parts of the building close to the street, including the façade, the dome, and some rooms behind were restored as the "Centrum Judaicum" ("Jewish Center"); the main sanctuary was not restored. It was inaugurated in the presence of Count Otto von Bismarck, then Minister President of Prussia, in 1866. Men and women enjoy the same religious rights. Congregants were requested to evacuate their belongings from their shelves in the prayer hall by Monday April 8. Terminkalender und Linkliste. [7] The main hall was then seized by the Heeresbekleidungsamt III (uniform department No. The new building material (iron was previously not used in building construction) was visible in its use for the outside columns, as well as in the dome's construction. Sie wurde 1866 eingeweiht. Besides being used for prayers, the main hall was also used for concerts and lectures, since Jews were banned from other venues. Museum, Archiv, Kulturzentrum jüdischen Lebens, Veranstaltungsort, Erinnerungsstätte Mit ihrer ständigen Ausstellung „Tuet auf die Pforten“ zeichnet die Stiftung Neue Synagoge Berlin – Centrum Judaicum die Geschichte des Hauses und das mit ihm verbundene Leben nach. The New Synagogue (German: Neue Synagoge) on Oranienburger Straße in Berlin is a mid-19th century synagogue built as the main place of worship for Berlin's Jewish community, succeeding the Old Synagogue which the community outgrew. III) of the Heer (German Army) seized the main hall as storage for uniforms. Oranienburger Strasse is a bustling street in the heart of Berlin that is as culturally diversified as it is fun to say. [10], In 1958 the Jewish Community of East Berlin was prompted[by whom?] Spenden für die Synagoge Oranienburger Straße können unter Angabe des Verwendungszwecks auf folgendes Konto überwiesen werden: Jüdischen Gemeinde zu Berlin, Synagoge Oranienburger Straße Konto 6000031180 BLZ 100 500 00 Berliner Sparkasse … The front of the building, facing Oranienburger Straße, is polychrome brickwork, richly ornamented with sculpted bricks and terracotta, accented by coloured glazed bricks. Following Knoblauch's succumbing to illness, Friedrich August Stüler took responsibility for the majority of its construction as well as for its interior arrangement and design. [1], During the November Pogrom (9 November 1938), colloquially euphemised as "Kristallnacht", the Neue Synagoge was set ablaze, Torah scrolls desecrated, furniture smashed and other combustible furnishings piled up and set on fire. Sie wurde 1866 eingeweiht. Oranienburger Straße is a street in central Berlin, the capital of Germany. The front of the building, facing Oranienburger Straße, is richly ornamented with shaped bricks and terracotta, accented by coloured glazed bricks. In the original: "Die Platzinhaber werden hierdurch aufgefordert, ihre Gebetutensilien bis Montag, den 8. It is truncated before the point where the main hall of the synagogue began. These buildings survived the war intact, and it was in the latter that surviving Jews formally reconstituted the Jüdische Gemeinde zu Berlin, Berlin's mainstream Jewish congregation, in 1946. ... Als eines der bedeutsamsten Synagogengebäude gilt die Neue Synagoge an der Oranienburger Straße in Berlin. [2], During the November Pogrom (9 November 1938), colloquially euphemised as "Kristallnacht", a Nazi mob broke into the Neue Synagoge, desecrated the Torah scrolls, smashed the furniture, piled up such contents as would burn in the synagogue interior, and set fire to them. With an organ and a choir, the religious services reflected the liberal developments in the Jewish community of the time. An egalitarian congregation meets here, under the auspices of the Jewish Community of Berlin. Because of its eastern Moorish style and resemblance to the Alhambra, the New Synagogue is an important architectural monument in Germany. The Rykestraße Synagogue was closed and seized by the Heer just a week after. Berlin's police commissioner Graf Helldorf only verbally reprimanded Krützfeld for doing so and, partly in consequence, Krützfeld has often mistakenly been identified[3] as the rescuer of the New Synagogue.[4]. The Old Community (1295–1573) Jews are first mentioned in a letter from the Berlin local council of Oct. 28, 1295, forbidding wool merchants to supply Jews with wool yarn. Coordinates: 52°31′29″N 13°23′40″E / 52.52472°N 13.39444°E / 52.52472; 13.39444, Neue Synagoge, Oranienburger Strasse, Berlin-Mitte, odd and even numbers are on the same side of the street, Knobloch, passim and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The New Synagogue was built to serve the growing Jewish population in Berlin, in particular, immigrants from the East. Jewish services are now held again in the New Synagogue;[11] the congregation is the Berlin community's sole Masorti synagogue[12]. Due to the unfavourable alignment of the p… "Im Revier 16 (In precinct No. [6] On 5 April 1940 the Jüdisches Nachrichtenblatt was required to announce that services in the New Synagogue would not be held until further notice;[6] this was the usual way Nazi prohibitions were publicised.